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Fabric technology - the birth of "artificial silk"


Fabric technology - the birth of "artificial silk"

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Historically, the fashion industry has always been based on the textile industry. The reason why Paris can become the center of haute couture is partly due to its history of silk making..
Historically, the fashion industry has always been based on the textile industry. The reason why Paris can become the center of haute couture is partly due to its history of silk making. Later, in the 19th century, people began to look for a synthetic material that could replace natural raw materials, mainly a "artificial silk" that is both durable and cheap.
        In 1884, the Frenchman Count Chardon Net spun with a solution of nitrocellulose to make the first "rayon" and applied for a patent. Despite the complexity of the process, which led to terrible explosions, fabrics made from these silky thin lines appeared at the 1926 Artificial Silk Exhibition in London. By 1938, DuPont of the United States began commercial mass production of nylon. In 1940, consumers can purchase the earliest batch of nylon socks. By 1966, one-third of the fabrics were synthetic. They are no longer a substitute for luxury goods, but synonymous with cheap goods. In the late 1960s, American scientists invented a fabric called Kevlar, an artificial organic ballistic fiber (still used in bulletproof vests today). It has high strength, high cut resistance and high chemical resistance (including fire and water). It has been widely used in professional cycling equipment such as denim and jackets.
        Hybrid engineering textiles are a mixture of textiles and some non-textiles. One may blend glass, metal, carbon and ceramics. Alexander McQueen's Spring/Summer 1996 collection features an artificial fabric with stainless steel on the surface. During the finishing process, the fabric is provided with a protective layer for some fabrics, such as Tyvek. Designer Hussein Chalayan uses a non-woven industrial fabric that looks like human paper, which is washable, durable and chemically resistant. Jean-Paul Gaultier used reactive dyes in his Spring/Summer 1996 collection to print computer-made patterns on fabrics to produce impressive results. Chemically reactive dyes produce vibrant prints like never before, and the details are more beautiful. A Japanese company called Omi Kenshi developed a new type of viscose yarn named Crabyon. It is made of crab shells, which when mixed with cotton, can kill bacteria with a success rate of 90%.
        Recently, the Innovation Center at the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design is working on the possibility of multi-sensory design, creating inductive clothing that changes with emotions. In particular, the study of the influence of "fragrance": to enhance a person's health and emotional stability by adding aroma to the fabric. In addition, "smart" fabrics include a PCM (phase change material) fabric that absorbs thermal energy by changing from a solid to a liquid, and releases heat when they recover solids from the liquid. It provides temporary cooling or heating on the coat, thus making the wearer feel comfortable. There is also a TCM hot chrome material that senses changes in ambient temperature and changes the color of the fabric to suit the external climate.